性过程描写小说阅读

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国家为何大力发展BIM与绿色建筑?

fabushijian:2017-07-11 18:14

21世纪以来,为应对能源危机、人口增长等问题,绿色、低碳等可持续发展理念逐渐深入人心,而以有效提高建筑物资源利用效率,降低建筑对环境影响为目标的绿色建筑成为全世界的关注重点。


性过程描写小说阅读huanjingyouhaoxinglvsejianzhushishijiegeguojianzhufazhandezhanlvemubiao。shouxianyujingjifazhanshuiping,yijidiliweizhiherenjunziyuandengtiaojiandechayi,geguoduilvsejianzhudedingyibujinxiangtong。


yingguohuangjiaceliangshixuehui:youxiaoliyongziyuan、jianshaowuranwupaifang、tigaoshineikongqijizhoubianhuanjingzhiliangdejianzhujiweilvsejianzhu。


性过程描写小说阅读meiguoguojiahuanjingbaohuju:lvsejianzhushizaiquanshengmingzhouqinei(congxuanzhidaosheji、jianshe、yunying、weihu、gaizaohechaichu)shizhongyihuanjingyouhaoheziyuanjieyueweiyuanzedejianzhu。


woguo《lvsejianzhupingjiabiaozhun》:zaiquanshengmingzhouqinei,zuidaxiandujieyueziyuan、baohuhuanjing、jianshaowuran,weirenmentigongjiankang、shiyonghegaoxiaodeshiyongkongjian,yuziranhexiegongshengdejianzhu。


从绿色建筑的定义可以看出:


(1)lvsejianzhutichangjiangjienenghuanbaodelinianguanchuanyujianzhudequanshengmingzhouqi;


(2)lvsejianzhuzhuzhangzaitigongjiankang、shiyonghegaoxiaodeshiyongkongjiandeqiantitiaojianxiajieyuenengyuan、jiangdipaifang,zaijiaodidehuanjingfuhexiatigongjiaogaodehuanjingzhiliang;


(3)lvsejianzhuzaijishuyuxingshishangxutixianhuanjingbaohudexiangguantedian,jiheliliyongxinxihua、zidonghua、xinnengyuan、xincailiaodengxianjinjishu。


BIM与绿色建筑完美组合


性过程描写小说阅读bimweilvsejianzhudekechixufazhantigongfenxiyuguanli,zaituidonglvsejianzhufazhanyuchuangxinzhongqianlijuda。


时间维度的一致性


性过程描写小说阅读bimjishuzhiliyushixianquanshengmingzhouqineibutongjieduandejichengguanli;erlvsejianzhudekaifa、guanlihangaijianzao、shiyong、chaichu、weixiudengjianzhuquanshengmingzhouqi。shijianweiduduiyingweiliangzhedejiehetigonglebianli。


核心功能的互补性


lvsejianzhukechixumubiaodedachengxuyaoquanmianxitongdizhangwobutongcailiao、shebeidewanzhengxinxi,zaixiangmuquanshengmingzhouqineixietong、youhua,congerjieyuenengyuan,jiangdipaifang,bimjishuweiqitigonglezhengtijiejuefangan。


应用平台的开放性


lvsejianzhuxujiezhubutongruanjianlaishixianjianzhuwudenenghao、caiguang、tongfengdengfenxi,bingyaoqiuyuqixiangguandeyingyongpingtaijubeikaifangxing。bimpingtaijubeikaifangxingdetedian,yunxudaoruxiangguanruanjianshujujinxingyixiliekeshihuacaozuo,weiqizailvsejianzhuzhongdeyingyongchuangzaoletiaojian。


绿色建筑为BIM提供了一个发挥其优势的舞台,BIM为绿色建筑提供了数据和技术上的支持。



节地与室外环境


性过程描写小说阅读heliliyongbimjishu,duijianzhuzhouweihuanjingjijianzhuwukongjianjinxingmonifenxi,dechuzuihelidechangdiguihua、jiaotongwuliuzuzhi、jianzhuwujidaxingshebeibujudengfangan。


tongguorizhao、tongfeng、zaoshengdengfenxiyufangzhengongju,keyouxiaoyouhuayukongzhiguang、zaosheng、shuidengwuranyuan。


节能与能源利用


jiangzhuanyejianzhuxingnengfenxiruanjiandaorubimmoxing,jinxingnenghao、regongdengfenxi,genjufenxijieguodiaozhengshejicanshu,dadaojienengxiaoguo。


性过程描写小说阅读tongguobimmoxingyouhuashejijianzhudexingti、chaoxiang、louju、qiangchuangbideng,tigaonengyuanliyonglv,jianxiaonenghao。


节水与水资源利用


liyongxunishigong,zaishiwaimaidixiaguandaoshi,bimianpengzhuanghuochongtudaozhideguanwanglousun。


性过程描写小说阅读zaidongtaishujukuzhong,qingxilejiejianzhuriyongshuiliang,jishizhaochuyongshuisunshiyuanyin。


性过程描写小说阅读liyongbimmoxingtongjiyushuicaijishuju,quedingbutongdimaohecaizhiduijingliuxishudeyingxiang,chongfenliyongfeichuantongshuiyuan。


节材与材料资源利用


zaimoxingzhongshurucailiaoxinxi,duicailiaocongzhizuo、chukudaoshiyongdequanguochengjinxingdongtaigenzong,bimianlangfei。


liyongshujutongjijifenxigongneng,yugucailiaoyongliang,youhuacailiaofenpei。


性过程描写小说阅读jiezhubimmoxingfenxibingkongzhicailiaodexingneng,shiqigengjiejinlvsemubiao。


jinxingchongtuhepengzhuangjiance,bimianyinyudaochongtuerfangongzaochengcailiaolangfei。


室内环境质量


zaibimmoxingzhong,tongguogaibianmenchuangdeweizhi、daxiao、fangxiangdeng,jianceshineidekongqiliutongzhuangkuang,bingpanduanshifouduikongqizhiliangchanshengyingxiang。


tongguozaoshenghecaiguangfenxi,panduanshineigeyinxiaoguoheguangxianshifoudadaoyaoqiu。


tongguodiaozhengloujianjuhuozhechaoxiang,gaishanshineidehuwaishiye。


施工管理


chongtujiance:bimianbubiyaodefangong,bingzaiyidingchengdushangkongzhishejiwenjiandebiangeng。


monishigong:youhuashebei、cailiao、renyuandefenpeidengshigongxianchangdeguanli,jianshaoyinshigongliuchengbudangzaochengdesunshi。


jisuangongchengliang:tongguojiegougoujianhecailiaoxinxi,jikekuaisujisuangongchengliang,yekeduigoujianjinxingjingquejiagong。


性过程描写小说阅读zaojiaguanli:zaibimjindumoxingdejichushangdaoruzaojiaruanjian,kekongzhichengbenheshigongjindu,tongchouanpaiziyuan。


运营管理


bimmoxingzhenghelejianzhudesuoyouxinxi,bingzaixinxichuandishangjuyouyizhixing,manzuyunyingguanlijieduanduixinxidexuqiu。


tongguobimmoxingkexunsudingweijianzhuchuwentidebuwei,shixiankuaisuweixiu;zaici,liyongbimduijianzhuxiangguanshebeisheshideshiyongqingkuangjixingnengjinxingshishigenzonghejiance,zuodaoquanfangwei、wumangquguanli。


性过程描写小说阅读jiyubimjinxingnenghaofenxi,jilubingkongzhinenghao。


思考与建议


绿色改造项目


性过程描写小说阅读yijianxiangmudelvsegaizaoshouguojiahuoquyujingjiqingkuangjixiangguanzhengceyingxiangjiaoxiao,juyougengdashichangqianli。jiangbimjishuyulvsejianzhudesixiangyongyuyunyingweihuleixiangmu,kekongzhixiangmunenghao,jieyuechengben,huodeshichangjingzhengyoushi。


选材应用


性过程描写小说阅读bimjishuyongyouwanbei、zhunquedeshujuku,jizailejianzhucailiaodeshuxingjinenghao。liyongbimxuanyongkexunhuancailiao,jikejieyuenengyuan、jianshaojianzhulaji,congzhangyuandejiaodukan,haikejiangdichengben。


软件本土化及界面友好性


BIM软件存在以下问题:


ruanjianduoweiguowaikaifa,buyidingshiyongyuwoguo;


jichengdubugao,nanyimanzuyixieteshuzhuanyedexuqiu;


caozuojiaofuza,jiemianyouhaoxingnanyidadaoxiangyingshuizhun,bufenyonghuqingxiangyushiyongxiangduijiandandefeibimbanlvseruanjian。


yinci,yaoliyongbimtuidonglvsejianzhu,xujiaqiangruanjianbentuhua、jiaqiangkaifashiyongxingjikecaozuoxingqiangruanjianxiyinguangfanyonghu、bingweibutongruanjiandeshujuchuanshujianlibiaozhun,tigaoxiaolv。


来源:公路施工质量管控平台